"The American Indian Middle Class," by Gabe Galanda

As recently published in the book, An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty, Gabe Galanda's article, "The American Indian Middle Class," is here.  

The piece discusses, from a predominately legal perspective, how various happenings over the last 125 years shaped today's tribal middle class:

  • The Indian assimilation era that began in the 1880s
  • The Urban Indian Relocation Program of the 1950s
  • The Fish Wars of the 1960s and 1970s
  • Reagan Era Indian policy of the 1980s
  • Indian gaming and per capita income since the 1990s
  • Disenrollment since the 2000s

Gabriel S. Galanda is the managing lawyer of Galanda Broadman, PLLC, in Seattle. Gabe is a descendant of the Nomlaki and Concow Tribes, belonging to the Round Valley Indian Tribes of Northern California.